After apartheid’s fall in 1991 ANC party started a RDP housing program (Reconstruction and Development Programme). People earning less than R3,500 among other qualifications could join the program and get put on a list in wait for a house.

Many communities have become disgruntled and sidelined in the allocation of  not only housing, but job opportunities as well as services like water and electricity.

May 8, 2017 the communities around Johannesburg had enough. Protests started off in Eldorado Park, and soon after Finetown, Ennerdale, Orangefarm and a few more followed. Demonstrators closed off roads, threw rocks and stones as the police tried to disperse the crowds with rubber bullets and tear gas.